The Order and Archbishop avail themselves of Polish-Lithuanian protection

to map

31. August 1559

In the late summer of 1559, the pro-Poland Gotthard Kettler who had become the new Grandmaster (the old master Fürstenberg was sent to Viljandi) and Wilhelm, the Archbishop of Riga, decided to request help from Poland-Lithuania more urgently than before and if necessary, avail themselves of the protection of King Sigismund II August. But that was what the king wanted for providing help.

On 31 August, Sigismund signed a defence treaty with the Order, on 15 September with the Archbishop. According to the treaty, several fortresses by the Väine (Daugava) River were given to the disposal of the Polish army, but the Livonians did not get any real military aid this time, either.

The inactivity and self-interest of the Poles created particular opposition in North-Estonia where at first, Denmark was focused on, but later, especially after the death of Gustav Vasa in 1560, the intervention of Sweden was hoped for.

Mati Laur. Eesti ajalugu varasel uusajal 1550-1800. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, 1999.

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