Order and archbishop surrender to the supremacy of Poland-Lithuania

to map

28. November 1561

After the Swedes had received Northern Estonia, the Polish also speeded up to capture the rest of Livonia. The archbishop and order master had to conclude Pacta Subjectionise in Vilnius on 28 November 1561, by which the last independent Old-Livonian countries went under the supreme power of Sigismund August, the king of Poland-Lithuania.

The order master Kettler got still the areas remaining to the south of Väina River which made up Kuramaa vassal ducal state, he also became the first vice manager of Üle-Väina Livonia under the direct Polish power. The City of Riga refused from the surrender contract and remained the free city as to form up to the year 1581.

On 5 March 1562 the clauses of Pacta Subjectionis were festively confirmed in Riga and the existence of Old-Livonia was finished with that. Hereinafter the countries having received its possessions started to compete in Livonia.

Mati Laur. Eesti ajalugu varasel uusajal 1550-1800. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, 1999.

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