Signing of the Treaty of Tartu.

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02. February 1920

Treaty of Tartu played an important role in the establishment of the Republic of Estonia, because it ensured the peaceful building of the state. Specifically, the economy, as the people that had participated in the war could return to their everyday jobs.
With the peace treaty, Soviet Russia officially gave up on all historic claims on the Estonian territory, and was the first country to directly acknowledge Estonia's independence (de jure). In addition, Estonia gained a firm and strategically profitable eastern border and some compensation from Russia.
With the treaty, also about 20 000 Estonians returned from Russia.

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