Event Stories

  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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  • The Swedish Era

    The Swedish era begun during the Livonian War, when in 1561, the Noble Corporation of the Livonian Order, residing in Northern Estonia, surrendered to Sweden. In 1583, during the final year of the Livonian War, Sweden maintained its rule over Western- and Northern Estonia. War with Poland ended in … Continue reading

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  • The Livonia-Moscow War (1501-1503)

    This was the last armed conflict where the Livonian Order and the rest of Old-Livonia somewhat succeeded. The most important event to the Livonians in this two-year war was the victory in Smolino battle, but in reality this conflict did not change the developed power balance: the Grand Duchy of … Continue reading

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  • Denmark's rule in Estonia

    Denmark never ruled all of Estonia, but during the XIII-XVII centuries, it had hold over areas in Northern and Western Estonia and also over the islands in Western Estonia. It can be said that there has been three Danish eras in Estonia, the first one lasting for a very short period of time: from … Continue reading

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