Event Stories

  • The Battle of St. Matthew's Day in 1217

    This was one of the greatest field battles for the Estonians in the Livonian Crusade. An army, gathered by Lembitu, a Saccalian elder, and consisting of men from most of the Northern Estonian counties, met the elite army of the crusaders. Estonians were defeated and it minimized the ability of the … Continue reading

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  • The story of Johann Koell, Simon Wanradt and the Wanradt-Koell catechism

    The oldest printed texts in Estonian are the fragments of Wanradt-Koell's German-Estonian catechism. It was written by Simon Wanradt and translated by Johann Koell. Thus, preacher Johann Koell is a significant person in the history of Estonian language; he himself was probably of Estonian … Continue reading

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  • Stories of the first settlements

    A group of hunters and fishermen stop at the right coast of River Pärnu in Pulli about 9000 b.c. The left hearth places, flint, bone and horn objects and crushed wild animal bones, among which one dog bone can be found are up to now the oldest proof about the stay of people in … Continue reading

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  • The Swedish Era

    The Swedish era begun during the Livonian War, when in 1561, the Noble Corporation of the Livonian Order, residing in Northern Estonia, surrendered to Sweden. In 1583, during the final year of the Livonian War, Sweden maintained its rule over Western- and Northern Estonia. War with Poland ended in … Continue reading

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